In olden days, the profession of the people
decided their caste. This system has now been broken. Today, individuals have the freedom to opt for any profession
irrespective of caste. The profession based caste system has now been transformed into
birth-based caste system. People of various castes and sub-castes
reside in Rajasthan.
The Rajputs, who were the rulers of most of the
erstwhile princely states of Rajasthan, form a major group of
residents of Rajasthan. Rajputs are generally stoutly built people
of good height. The Rajputs generally worshipped the Sun, Shiva, and
Vishnu. Vedic religion is still followed by the Rajputs. All the
auspicious and inauspicious activities are done in accordance to the
Vedic traditions. The other castes found in Rajasthan are as
Brahmins : Their main occupation
was worshipping and performance of religious rites.
Vaishya : These people generally took up business as
their source of livelihood. These days they are settled in every
nook and corner of the country.
There is a large group of agricultural castes to be found in
Rajasthan. These people depend on Agriculture for their livelihood .
Some of these castes are Jat, Gurjar, Mali, Kalvi
Irrespective of the birth-based caste system,
each individual is free to follow the profession / occupation as per
choice, in modern Rajasthan.
Many tribes are also found in different parts of Rajasthan.
These tribes have their own social systems and customs. Some of the
commonly known tribes are Meena, Bhil, Garasia, Sansi, Kanjar.
The religion and costumes of the tribes vary. They each have
their own religion, costumes and profession.
followed by Rajasthanis, in general, is the Hindu religion. Various
other religions are also prevalent in Rajasthan. Some of these
Jain Religion The Jains follow the teachings of
Lord Mahavira, the 24th Tirthankara. Mahavira stressed on the
practice of Non-violence.
Sikh Religion Over time, there has
been a considerable increase in the number of followers of Sikh
religion. The Sikhs believe in formless God and worship their holy
book 'Guru Granth Sahib'
Some other major religions that are followed are Buddhism,
Islam, Christianity, Parsi religion.
The study of the people of Rajasthan is incomplete without
the knowledge of costumes and ornaments. The costumes of the present
have the reflections of the costumes of the past.
Both males and females dress in the customary
dresses fully influenced by climate, economy, status and the
profession, they are engaged. The traditional dresses being Potia,
Dhoti, Banda, Angrakhi, Bugatari, Pachewara, Khol, Dhabla, amongst
Hindus; and Tilak, Burga, Achkan amongst Muslims which fast changing
now with Bushirt, Salwar and Skirts, Saris and Pants accordingly.
Turbans the head dress of Rajasthan is a differential pattern of
each geographical region designed to its terrain and climatic
influence. Clothes express ones personality and tell people which
village and caste they belong.
All over Rajasthan the
bandhni, tie-dye sari and turban reign supreme.
The common dress of the women constitutes (i) Sari or Odhani,
(ii) Kanchli or Kunchuki or Choli (iii) Ghaghra or Ghaghri or
Lahanga Besides, the women of high status and ranks wear dupatta and
patka. The use of chappals or sandals or jutees is also
common but ladies of high families use
coloured sandals studded with gold threads and stars.Thus, it is
concluded that the costumes of women are very colourful and
He use of ornaments dates back to the
prehistoric times with the passage of time new designs and
varieties replace the old ones but still there are ornaments
which were used in the past and are still used in the present.
Both men and women wear ornaments but with the passage of
time, men are giving up their use.The ornaments of gold and silver are more prevalent in
Rajasthan. There are certain ornaments which are used by men.
In daily use the ladies wear normal ornaments
of neck, hand, nose and ear but on special occasions and
social functions. Women wear all the ornaments of different
parts of the body to look beautiful and
attractive. For its exquisite designs and delicacy of
art Rajasthan Jewelry is a rage not only for ladies of
India but also for women of foreign