The bone marrow or hematopoietic stem cell transplant is the transplant of hematopoietic stem cells present in the bone marrow of a human body. It is done mainly on patients suffering from diseases of bone marrow or blood, such as leukemia or multiple myeloma. This bone marrow transplantation is a very dangerous procedure, which can result in many possible complications in future. It is mainly performed on patients suffering from life-threatening diseases.
The need for bone marrow transplant only arises when the existing bone marrow concentration gets not only damaged by diseases but also gets infected or destroyed during chemotherapy. The bone marrow transplant helps to induce healthy bone marrow or blood stem cells into the patient’s body, resulting in the increase of the number of new bone marrow and blood cells exponentially.
There are two types of bone marrow transplant such as orthologous one marrow transplantation and aloe genic bone marrow transplantation. With time, the survival rate of patients following the procedure and medical help increases. The use of this procedure has expanded and bone marrow transplantation nowadays is performed in case of autoimmune diseases, dysplasia etc.
A match for bone marrow transplant is hard to find, with only a chance of 25% with his or her own sibling.
Earlier, the bone marrow transplant cost in India used to be very expensive and was very unlikely to be afforded by everyone, since India is a developing country which is still stricken with poverty and health problems. But, in present time India is considered as one of the best places that have specializations in the field of bone marrow transplantation. Bone marrow transplantation in India is less costly than any other developing country. The price of bone marrow transplant in India is 1/10th of that of the price of developed countries around the world, with the average cost of bone marrow transplant in India between Rs. 15 lakhs and 35 lakhs.
This price range varies from hospital to hospital and from places to places in the country. In government hospitals, the bone marrow transplantation cost is 40% less than other private hospitals. The price range is also different in different states of the country, for example in the states of Rajasthan and Haryana the cost of a transplant is only Rs. 7-8 lakh.
The price of this transplant includes expenditure and cost of operation theatre, medical procedure, anesthesia, standard medicine, surgeons fee, bedside procedure, food and routine checkup, room charges and many other similar charges and costs needed for the treatment, and the upkeep of the patient.
After the transplantation, the patient has to be treated with care and remain under strict professional medical surveillance. This is not an easy procedure and has life-threatening complications and side effects. Doing a successful bone marrow transplantation has often saved the lives of patients.
Nowadays with continuous development in technology and medical science, the survival rate in bone marrow transplant patient has increased. The cost of bone marrow transplant in India and other developing and developed countries has considerably reduced, but India still remains the top destination for medical tourism since the cost in India is the least till date